What is the Difference Between Flat Embroidery and 3D Embroidery?

What is the Difference Between Flat Embroidery and 3D Embroidery?

Embroidery is defined as the activity of decorating fabric or cloth with patterns or designs sewn directly onto the material. Embroidery is a popular method used to decorate custom apparel such as hats, caps, shirts, bags, jackets, polo shirts, and more.

There are two main types of embroidery: flat embroidery and 3D embroidery, which is sometimes known as puff embroidery. Flat embroidery is the classic and most popular method and may be known as 2D embroidery. The stitches are sewn or embroidered directly onto the fabric or clothing. 3D embroidery utilizes a foam material or foam backing, which is sewn directly onto and this foam backing creates a taller profile or raised element for logos and letters. The logo as a result looks more three dimensional (3D) and raised - parts of the logo or design are "puffed".

3D embroidery is best for more simplistic designs and simple shapes. Examples include numbers, basic team logos, letters, and more. Flat embroidery works with a wider variety of designs and logos and can handle more detailed logos than 3D embroidery can. The foam used in 3D embroidery does not allow for intricate or smaller details to be embroidered properly.

In terms of cost, 3D embroidery is slightly more expensive than flat embroidery due to the foam backing used.

Examples of Flat Embroidery and 3D Puff Embroidery
Images Source: Richardson

"1776" - 3D Embroidery; "Established / USA" - Flat Embroidery

Flat Embroidery

3D Embroidery

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